Physics

October to February

K. Kruse : Introduction to active gel theory and applications on cellular scales

  • Out-of-equilibrium physics : principles
  • Active gels : definitions, the cytoskeleton from a theory point of view
  • Stress generations
  • Active hydrodynamics
  • Cell migration

F. Graner : From cell to tissue : multiscale physics of epithelial tissues

  • From cell to tissue
  • Structure and dynamics of tissues, in vivo and in vitro
  • Analogies and differences with cellular materials in physics
  • Experimental methods, from image analysis to force measurements
  • Models : strengths and limitations

G. Salbreux : Physics of biological tissues as active fluids 

  • Continuum description of an active fluid
  • Examples of flows induced by tissue growth

I. Kulic : Dynamics of the cytoskeleton (theory)

A. Ott : Experimental biophysics

  • Rheology of active gels
  • Rheology of cells/monolayers
  • Origin of life

P. Didier : Biophotonics

  • Light-matter interaction (absorption, emission and diffusion)
  • Probing biomolecular interaction with fluorescence spectroscopy (Energy transfer, anisotropy, stop flow)
  • Optical microscopy (basics, diffraction limit, high-resolution imaging)
  • Quantitative fluorescence imaging (Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging Microscopy, single molecule experiments)

M. Maaloum/ S. Harlepp : Forces and micromanipulations, AFM and optical tweezers